Regarding the car, you can often hear such a term - hybrid. Its peculiarity is that an electric motor and an internal combustion engine are used simultaneously.
The decision to create such a car was associated with the gradual abandonment of fuel engines and the full transition to electric vehicles.
The reasons for producing such cars are tightening environmental standards and the need to save fuel. Also taken into account is the average rate of harmful emissions in the model range of each manufacturer, and therefore companies are trying to cheat.
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Micro hybrid cars.
Small changes are made to the design of these cars, but at the same time, emissions are improved. Thanks to installing a starter generator - an electric motor, energy can be stored and consumed. This equipment is useful in urban traffic jams and works well with the start-stop system. During the stop, the engine is turned off, and at the beginning of the movement, the car is set in motion for the first seconds by the starter generator. According to manufacturers, this technology reduces fuel consumption in the city by about 8%.
In addition to saving fuel consumption, such a hybrid does not need to install a large battery that would take up valuable space in the car. Also, these cars are equipped with a 48-volt network.
But still, there is a 12-volt network in "soft" hybrids. Connecting multimedia, lighting, headlights, and other electronics is easier.
These are some of the most common hybrid cars. They are already equipped with a battery with a higher capacity, and the engine is located between the transmission and the internal combustion engine. These units can work together or separately from each other.
This system allows the hybrid to move due to electric traction and acceleration with fuel. The battery is charged by recuperation during braking and when the engine is running with the generator. Logically, this avoids charging the car at night, so it has enough energy the next day. But it is important to know that its electric range is limited and does not contribute to high fuel economy.
One of the most popular types of hybrids. They are very similar to pure hybrids, but in this case, the electric motor is superior to the internal combustion engine in almost all environments. For this reason, they have greater electrical autonomy, emit even fewer emissions, and their consumption is even lower.
Thanks to this electric autonomy, plug-in hybrids can move around the city without wasting fuel, contributing to fuel economy and environmental respect.
As in previous cases, this hybrid also generates its energy using an internal combustion engine. Of course, if you drive only on an electric motor, the charge will only last for a while. The car will have to be charged overnight so it can be used normally the next day.
This class of two-engine cars is the least known. However, their popularity is growing.
What is sequential hybridization technology?
In other cases, series hybrids also have two engines: one internal combustion and the other an electric motor. However, unlike micro hybrids, the internal combustion engine supports the electric motor. Thus, both in the city and on the road, the driving force of these vehicles will come mainly from the latter.
The internal combustion engine serves as a support and extends the life of the load, as it only comes into effect when the electric motor battery is discharged. These hybrids provide the greatest fuel economy and produce the least emissions, but they are also the most expensive in their category and usually require longer charging times.
The world of hybrid cars is evolving every year, offering buyers different options according to each one's needs and preferences. Everyone can find the most successful type of hybridization for their interests. The decision is personal and depends on many factors.